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Hazwoper Training

Who Should Take This Course?

The Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response Standard (HAZWOPER) apply to five distinct groups of employers and their employees. This includes any employees who are exposed or potentially exposed to hazardous substances-- including hazardous waste--and who are engaged in one of the following operations as specified by 1910.120(a)(1)(i-v) and 1926.65(a)(1)(i-v):

  • clean-up operations--required by a governmental body, whether federal, state, local, or other involving hazardous substances-- that are conducted at uncontrolled hazardous waste sites;
  • Corrective actions involving clean-up operations at sites covered by the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) as amended (42 U.S.C. 6901 et seq.);
  • voluntary clean-up operations at sites recognized by federal, state, local, or other governmental body as uncontrolled hazardous waste sites;
  • operations involving hazardous wastes that are conducted at treatment, storage, and disposal facilities regulated by Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations Parts 264 and 265 pursuant to RCRA, or by agencies under agreement with U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to implement RCRA regulations; and
  • Emergency response operations for releases of, or substantial threats of release of, hazardous substances regardless of the location of the hazard.

Examples of the above would be individuals involved in the following: Removal or handling of underground tanks and/or piping, contaminated soil and/or groundwater, subsurface investigations, construction work in which hazardous materials may potentially be present, encountered, prepared, packaged, labeled, marked, stored, shipped for disposal, and for any facility wherein hazardous wastes are treated, stored, or disposed. Personnel who are involved in the above disciplines are required to have initial and recurrent training.


The purpose of this course is to ensure awareness and promote safety among employees who may be exposed to chemical hazards in the work-site. The objective is to ensure that employees operate in the safest possible manner in situations where contact with potentially hazardous materials is likely.

At the conclusion of this module, students will:

  • Understand how hazardous materials are handled, identified, and human responses to exposure
  • Learn the importance of the Health and Safety Plan (HSP)
  • Incorporate the knowledge of what to do in case of site emergencies
  • Use appropriate safety methods and work practice controls
  • Recognize signs and labels that are used to alert personnel of danger involving hazardous material

Course Outline and Table of Contents:

HAZWOPER (Hazardous Waste Operations and Emergency Response) is at the intersection of three Federal regulatory agencies (EPA, OSHA, DOT) and includes several career fields (science, technology, engineering, medicine, toxicology, law, psychology, organizational management, loss prevention, QA/QC, construction, waste management, etc.).

The two main objectives of HAZWOPER Operations are to:

  1. Control or eliminate the potential hazards and/or losses.
  2. Protect the health and safety of workers, the public, and the environment.

Chapter 1 - Agencies, Laws and Regulations

  • Hazardous Materials Regulatory Overview
  • OSH Act

Chapter 2 - Understanding the Hazard Communication Standard (29 CFR 1910.1200)

  • Background Information
  • "Employee Right to Know" Rule
  • How the Standard Works
  • Written Hazard Communication Program
  • Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)
  • Employee Information and Training

Chapter 3 - HAZWOPER Training

  • OSHA Regulation for Training
  • Training Sessions
  • Written Programs
  • HAZWOPER Training Requirements
  • Site Supervisors
  • Refresher Training
  • Treatment, Storage and Disposal (TSD) Facility Training
  • Emergency Response Personnel Training
  • First Responder Awareness Level (FRA)
  • First Responder Operational Level (FRO)
  • Hazardous Material Technician Level
  • Hazardous Materials Specialist Level
  • Hazardous Materials Scene Manager

Chapter 4 - Principles of Safety

  • Causes of Accidents
  • Kinetic/Mechanical Injuries
  • Fall Protection
  • Stairways or Ladders
  • Machine Guarding
  • Ignition Sources and Static Electricity
  • Lockout/Tag out
  • Controlling Energy Sources
  • Biological Hazards
  • Head Protection
  • Eye and Face Protection
  • Foot Protection
  • Hearing Protection
  • Heat Related Illnesses

Chapter 5 - Toxicology

  • Limits of Exposure
  • Routes of Exposure
  • Measure of Exposure
  • Dose-Response
  • Toxic Products
  • Toxin Chart

Chapter 6 - Planning and Organization

  • Planning a Safe Worksite
  • Organizational Structure
  • Management's Safety Commitment
  • Written Work plan
  • Health and Safety Plan
  • Emergency Response Plan
  • Safety Meetings and Inspections
  • Training Programs

Chapter 7 - Preparation for Fieldwork

  • Permits
  • Utilities
  • Initial Site Visit
  • Site Characterization
  • Locating Services
  • Traffic and Parking Restrictions
  • Site Security
  • Mud, Soil, Drums and Site Cleanup
  • Steam Cleaning
  • Site Facilities
  • Subcontractors
  • Drilling
  • Health and Safety Plans

Chapter 8 - Chemical Hazard Identification Systems

  • Hazard Descriptions
  • Explosives
  • Gases and Vapors
  • Liquefied Gas
  • Health Hazards of Gas
  • Flammable Liquids
  • Fire Hazards
  • Flammable Solids
  • Oxidizers
  • Toxins and Poisons
  • Carcinogens
  • Corrosives
  • National Fire Protection Association (NFPA 704 code)
  • Department of Transportation Classification
  • Hazardous Materials Identification System (HMIS)
  • Shipping Papers and Manifests

Chapter 9 - Understanding Radiation Safety

  • Atoms
  • Radiation
  • Ionization
  • Ionizing Radiation
  • Alpha and Beta Particles
  • Gamma Rays, X Rays, and Neutrons
  • Natural Background Radiation
  • Man-Made Sources of Radiation
  • Radioactive Waste
  • Radioactive Decay
  • Interaction with Matter
  • Measurement of Radiation
  • Radiation Detection Instruments
  • Radiation Exposure
  • Health Effects of Radiation Exposure
  • Chronic and Acute Exposure
  • Risks of Exposure
  • Protection and Shielding

Chapter 10 - Respiratory Protection

  • Classification of Materials Present in Air
  • Health Effects of Oxygen-Deficiency
  • Important Terms
  • Controls
  • Written Program
  • Ignition Sources and Static Electricity
  • Lockout/Tagout
  • Medical Evaluation
  • Respirator Training
  • Employer Responsibility
  • Selection of Respirator Protection
  • Choice Considerations
  • Types of Respirator Protection
  • Advantages and Disadvantages
  • Air Purifying Respirator (APR)
  • Particulate Respirators
  • Canister or Cartridge
  • Cartridge Maximum Use
  • Powered Air Purifying Respirators (PAPR)
  • Atmosphere Supplying Respirators
  • Hose Mask Respirators
  • Air Line Respirators
  • Self-Contained Breathing Apparatus (SCBA)
  • Breathing Air Quality
  • Respirators for IDLH atmospheres
  • Protection Factors
  • Proper Use
  • Fit Testing
  • Testing Methods
  • When a Respirator is Needed
  • Extreme Temperatures
  • Inspection, Storage, Maintenance, and Repair
  • Air Cylinders

Chapter 11 - Personal Protective Equipment

  • PPE Decision Making
  • Types of Protection
  • Levels of Protection
  • Descriptions of Levels A, B, C, D
  • Materials and Quality of Construction
  • Fire and Heat Protection
  • Understanding PPE Limitations
  • Health Considerations
  • Inspection and Maintenance

Chapter 12 - Air and Environmental Monitoring

  • Initial Site Survey
  • Principles of Gas
  • Preliminary Onsite Evaluation
  • Procedures for Atmospheric Monitoring
  • Organic Vapors and Gases
  • Radiation
  • Oxygen Deficiency, Oxygen Enrichment, Combustible Gases, and Visual Observations
  • Initial Entry and Surveys
  • Priority for Initial Entry Monitoring
  • Periodic Monitoring
  • Ambient Atmospheric Concentrations
  • Vapor Density
  • Direct Reading Instruments
  • Air Monitoring Instrument Data
  • Air Monitoring Equipment
  • Equipment Certification
  • Reliable and Useful Results
  • Calibration and Relative Response
  • Types of Direct Reading Instruments
  • Combustible Gas Indicator (CGI)
  • Toxic Atmosphere Monitors
  • Colorimetric Indicator Tubes
  • Photo ionization Detector Tubes (PID)
  • Flame Ionization Detectors (FID)
  • Organic vapor Analyzer (OVA)
  • Aerosol Monitors

Chapter 13 - Sampling and Packaging

  • Sampling Objectives
  • Classification of Samples
  • Quality Assurance/Quality Control (QA/QC)
  • Location of Sampling Sites
  • Sampling Methods and Data
  • Liquid Samplers
  • Solid Samplers
  • Cleaning and Storage Procedures

Chapter 14 - Fire Protection

  • Requirements
  • Fire and Extinguisher Identification
  • Extinguisher Types and Maintenance
  • Location of Extinguishers
  • Additional Fire Fighting Equipment
  • Fire Fighting Foams

Chapter 15 - Handling Drums and Containers

  • Drum Inspection
  • Drum Identification
  • Drum Handling
  • Drum Contents
  • Lab Pacs
  • Opening Drums
  • Drum Sampling
  • Content Characterization
  • Drum Staging
  • Bulking
  • Shipment
  • Special Case Problems

Chapter 16 - Confined Space Hazards

  • 29 CFR 1910.146
  • OSHA Protection
  • Written Entry Procedures
  • Personnel Affected by the Permit-Required Confined Space Standard
  • Hazardous Atmospheres
  • Toxic Vapors and Gases
  • Flammable Atmospheres
  • Atmospheric Testing
  • Ventilation
  • Other Hazards
  • Requirements for Entering Permit-Required Confined Spaces
  • Non-Permit Confined Spaces
  • Entrance into Permit-Required Confined Spaces
  • Safeguarding Confined spaces
  • Isolation, LO/TO
  • Evacuation from a Confined Space
  • Site Security

Chapter 17 - Site Emergencies

  • Incident Management and Scene Control
  • Site Safety Plan
  • Incident Command System
  • Incident Commander
  • Job Functions
  • Onsite Personnel
  • Site Leaders
  • Offsite Personnel
  • Federal Response Organizations
  • Emergency Training
  • Emergency Identification and Prevention
  • Onsite Communication
  • Site Mapping
  • Safe Distances
  • Refuges (Safety Stations)
  • Public Evacuation
  • Site Security and Control
  • Personal Locator Systems
  • Evacuation Routes
  • Decontamination
  • Emergency Equipment
  • Medical Treatment and First Aid
  • Emergency Response Procedures
  • Rescue/Response Action
  • Evaluations
  • Follow-up
  • Documentation

Chapter 18 - Decontamination Procedures

  • 29 CFR 1926.65
  • Basic Decontamination
  • Site Selection and Management
  • Planning for Decontamination
  • Setting Up the Decontamination Area
  • Decontamination Methods
  • Decontamination Procedures
  • Decontamination Process
  • Analysis of Decontamination
  • Decontamination Process Charts for Levels A, B, and C

Chapter 19 - Medical Surveillance

  • OSHA Medical Requirements
  • Developing a Medical Program
  • Recommended Medical Examination Chart
  • Medical Program Effectiveness
  • Medical Program Development
  • Occupational and Medical History
  • Ability to Work While Wearing PPE
  • Tests Performed by Occupational Physicians
  • Periodic Medical Examinations
  • Emergency Treatment
  • Non-emergency Treatment